Tuesday, 16 September 2014

A Survey of Positivity to 4-Aminoquinoline among Primary, Post Primary and Tertiary Institution Students in Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria

A Survey of Positivity to 4-Aminoquinoline among Primary, Post Primary and Tertiary Institution Students in Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria: A survey of urine positivity to 4-aminoquinoline was carried out to examine the current status of the chloroquine in the treatment of malaria in Southwestern, Nigeria. Out of 352 students examined 352(61%) were positive using Dill-Glazko test. High occurrence was more among the primary school pupils (68%), than secondary (62%), and tertiary (47%). More female student (61%) used chloroquine than male (55%). Pupils in the age group 6-10years (26%) had the highest occurrence followed by 11-15years (16%), 16-20years (8%), 21-25years (5%), 1-5years (3%) and 26-30years (1%) respectively. Although, newer antimalarial drugs such as Atesunate/Arthemeter, Halofantrin etc have been introduced lately, more people in Ado-Ekiti still prefer Chloroquine for the treatment of malaria. This result of the study suggests that chloroquine is still the first line of drug for the treatment of malaria in Ekiti state, Southwestern Nigeria.